Unknown May 8, at PM. Anonymous June 1, at PM. Unknown August 11, at PM. The Bhagavad Gita is part of the Prasthanatrayi , which also includes the Upanishads and Brahma sutras. These are the three starting points for the Vedanta school of Hindu philosophy.
Some Hindus give it the status of an Upanishad, and some consider it to be a "revealed text". The Bhagavad Gita is the sealing achievement of Hindu Synthesis, incorporating its various religious traditions. It openly synthesizes and inclusively accepts multiple ways of life, harmonizing spiritual pursuits through action karma , knowledge jnana , devotion bhakti.
The Indologist Robert Minor, and others, [web 1] in contrast, state the Gita is "more clearly defined as a synthesis of Vedanta, Yoga and Samkhya" philosophies of Hinduism. The synthesis in Bhagavad Gita addresses the question as to what constitutes the virtuous path and one necessary for the spiritual liberation and a release from the cycles of rebirth moksha.
Thus Gita discusses and synthesizes the three dominant trends in Hinduism: enlightenment-based renunciation, dharma-based householder life, and devotion-based theism. According to Deutsch and Dalvi, the Bhagavad Gita attempts "to forge a harmony" between these three paths. The Bhagavad Gita's synthetic answer recommends that one must resist the "either-or" view, and consider a "both-and" view. The Gita disapproves of these, stating that not only is it against the tradition but against Krishna himself, because "Krishna dwells within all beings, in torturing the body the ascetic would be torturing him", states Flood.
Even a monk should strive for the "inner renunciation", rather than external pretensions. The Gita synthesizes several paths to spiritual realization based on the premise that people are born with different temperaments and tendencies guna. According to Upadhyaya, the Gita states that none of these paths to spiritual realization are "intrinsically superior or inferior", rather they "converge in one and lead to the same goal".
According to Hiltebeitel, Bhakti forms an essential ingredient of this synthesis, and the text incorporates Bhakti into Vedanta. The Bhagavad Gita manuscript is found in the sixth book of the Mahabharata manuscripts — the Bhisma-parvan. Therein, in the third section, the Gita forms chapters 23—40, that is 6. The Bhagavad Gita manuscripts exist in numerous Indic scripts. According to Gambhirananda, the old manuscripts may have had verses, though he agrees that verses is the generally accepted historic standard.
An authentic manuscript of the Gita with verses has not been found. Since Shankara's time, the " verses" has been the standard benchmark for the critical edition of the Bhagavad Gita. The Bhagavad Gita is a poem written in the Sanskrit language. Each shloka line has two quarter verses with exactly eight syllables. Each of these quarters is further arranged into "two metrical feet of four syllables each", state Flood and Martin.
The Gita is a dialogue between Krishna and Arjuna right before the start of the climactic Kurukshetra War in the Hindu epic Mahabharata. The Pandava prince Arjuna asks his charioteer Krishna to drive to the center of the battlefield so that he can get a good look at both the armies and all those "so eager for war".
He does not want to fight to kill them and is thus filled with doubt and despair on the battlefield. The Bhagavad Gita is the compilation of Arjuna's questions and moral dilemma, Krishna's answers and insights that elaborate on a variety of philosophical concepts. Bhagavad Gita comprises 18 chapters section 23 to 40  [web 2] in the Bhishma Parva of the epic Mahabharata. Because of differences in recensions , the verses of the Gita may be numbered in the full text of the Mahabharata as chapters 6.
However, variant readings are relatively few in contrast to the numerous versions of the Mahabharata it is found embedded in, and the meaning is the same. The original Bhagavad Gita has no chapter titles. Some Sanskrit editions that separate the Gita from the epic as an independent text, as well as translators, however, add chapter titles such as each chapter being a particular form of yoga.
Two massive armies representing different loyalties and ideologies face a catastrophic war. With Arjuna is Krishna, not as a participant in the war, but only as his charioteer and counsel. Arjuna requests Krishna to move the chariot between the two armies so he can see those "eager for this war".
He sees family and friends on the enemy side. Arjuna is distressed and in sorrow. He wonders if it is noble to renounce and leave before the violence starts, or should he fight, and why. The warrior Arjuna whose past had focused on learning the skills of his profession now faces a war he has doubts about.
Filled with introspection and questions about the meaning and purpose of life, he asks Krishna about the nature of life, soul, death, afterlife and whether there is a deeper meaning and reality. The chapter summarizes the Hindu idea of rebirth, samsara, eternal soul in each person Self , universal soul present in everyone, various types of yoga, divinity within, the nature of Self-knowledge and other concepts.
This chapter is an overview for the remaining sixteen chapters of the Bhagavad Gita. He wonders if fighting the war is "not so important after all" given Krishna's overview on the pursuit of spiritual wisdom.
Krishna replies that there is no way to avoid action karma , since abstention from work is also an action. Every man or woman is bound by activity. Those who act selfishly create the karmic cause and are thereby bound to the effect which may be good or bad. Whatever the result, it does not affect them. Their happiness comes from within, and the external world does not bother them. Arjuna questions how Krishna could do this, when those sages lived so long ago, and Krishna was born more recently.
Krishna reminds him that everyone is in the cycle of rebirths, and while Arjuna does not remember his previous births, he does. Whenever dharma declines and the purpose of life is forgotten by men, says Krishna, he returns to re-establish dharma. The later verses of the chapter return to the discussion of motiveless action and the need to determine the right action, performing it as one's dharma duty while renouncing the results, rewards, fruits.
The simultaneous outer action with inner renunciation, states Krishna, is the secret to the life of freedom. Action leads to knowledge, while selfless action leads to spiritual awareness, state the last verses of this chapter. Arjuna asks Krishna which path is better. The different paths, says Krishna, aim for—and if properly pursued, lead to—Self-knowledge. This knowledge leads to the universal, transcendent Godhead, the divine essence in all beings, to Brahman — the Krishna himself.
The final verses of the chapter state that the self-aware who have reached self-realization live without fear, anger, or desire. Join Goodreads. Want to Read saving…. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Visit website. See more. Dasubhashitam — Telugu Audio Books.
Dasubhashitam - Telugu Audio Books. Every creature in the universe is subject to rebirth, Arjuna, except the one who is united with me. The six months of the northern path of the sun, the path of light, of fire, of day, of the bright fortnight, leads knowers of Brahman to the supreme goal.
The six months of the southern path of the sun, the path of smoke, of night, of the dark fortnight, leads other souls to the light of the moon and to rebirth. Under my watchful eye the laws of nature take their course. Thus is the world set in motion; thus the animate and the inanimate are created. I am the ritual and the sacrifice; I am true medicine and the mantram.
I am the offering and the fire which consumes it, and the one to whom it is offered. I am the father and mother of this universe, and its grandfather too; I am its entire support. I am the sum of all knowledge, the purifier, the syllable Om; I am the sacred scriptures, the Rig, Yajur, and Sama Vedas.
I am the goal of life, the Lord and support of all, the inner witness, the abode of all. I am the only refuge, the one true friend; I am the beginning, the staying, and the end of creation; I am the womb and the eternal seed. Those who follow the rituals given in the Vedas, who offer sacrifices and take soma, free themselves from evil and attain the vast heaven of the gods, where they enjoy celestial pleasures.
When they have enjoyed these fully, their merit is exhausted and they return to this land of death. Thus observing Vedic rituals but caught in an endless chain of desires, they come and go. Those who worship me and meditate on me constantly, without any other thought — I will provide for all their needs.
Those who worship the devas will go to the realm of the devas; those who worship their ancestors will be united with them after death. Those who worship phantoms will become phantoms; but my devotees will come to me. Fill your mind with me; love me; serve me; worship me always. Seeking me in your heart, you will at last be united with me. Bhishma, Drona, Jayadratha, Karna, and many others are already slain.
Kill those whom I have killed. Do not hesitate. This is the meaning of karma. The more desperate the situation, the greater is the power which the Gita reveals. This has been the experience of the strong. Why should it not be the inspiration of us, the weak? The strength which the Gila gives doe! It lies in real personal power; not like the power of the worldly, in apparent glitter and domination.
It is the power that makes everyone to whom it comes a little more of himself. By and through it, the weak become strong; the shallow, deep; the yoluble, silent; the insolent, humble; the wasted, effective. The secret of the power which the Gita possesses is that Arjuna-the centre of the creation-to whom it is addressed, is just an ordinary good-natured man with high aspirations, just plain you and me or any one else; the a vcrage man with fundamental strength and weakness of all ages and climes.
This universal appeal is possible because human beings-the Arjunas of the world-arc fundamentally identical. Their everlasting problem and ultimate destiny is the same notwithstanding differences of temperament and situation.
Arjuna faces a difficult situation, within his heart fails him and his limbs grow faint; when his mouth is dry and his body shivers; when his hair stand on end; when he cannot stand and his brain begins to reel.
He is afraid of consequences. He is afraid of evil and longs to master it. He wants to do his duty but knows not what it is.
In the moment of action weakness overcomes him. He would like to give up fight. He would like to relinquish worldly conquests even if they could give him the triple crown of the three worlds.
He would be happier by unresisting surrender to circumstances. He is in despair. This mood of despair is a universal heritage. Every one of us great and small has passed through it.
I want no victory, nor sovereignty nor joys. What have I to do with power: With joys, with life itself? Arjuna has no arrogance; certainly not the arrogance of the modern man, blinded by the vanity of his own perfection. He is the honest man, humble, sincere. He wants to learn, to understand, to follow, to find his duty and become something better than what he is. He confesses that he does not clearly see how his grief can be dispelled, for he knows not where his duty lies.
He has complete faith in Sri Krishna, his guide, philosopher and friend. He tells him humbly:. To none but such a man does aspiration come.
This faculty of surrendering himself makes the true aspirant, the man who feels weak but wants to be strong and is willing to follow the master. The arrogant man who thinks that he needs no help, and is not capable of confessing his imperfections, is not an Arjuna. The wisdom of Krishna BhagavadaGita Telugu is a great app that offers you the chance to read and understand the slokas of the BhagavadaGita in the Telugu language on your Smartphone.
Features Nice layout Excellent white background and black font format Meaning feature Option for zooming in on the text Easy navigation from one chapter to the next Conclusion BhagavadaGita Telugu is an excellent app that is a must have for every devoted Hindu. Continue to app Rating:. This app only provides Mp3 Streaming and no download feature because it may infringe the copyright No comments.
There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later. Thanks to seller for delivering it too Verified Purchase. Awesome book. Thanks to seller for delivering it too quickly. Gandhi Ji's quote is very true. Those who meditate on the Gita will derive fresh joy and new meanings from it every day.